Recently, Samsung Electro-Mechanics has officially announced a new investment in FC-BGA, a high-value-based semiconductor substrate valued at 1.1 trillion won, the main consumer is expected to be Intel. The company is expected to fully retain the leading players in the FC-BGA field such as Ibiden and Shinko Denki of Japan.
According to Korean media TheElec, the company held a board meeting on the 23rd and announced that it would invest $850 million (approximately KRW 1.1 trillion) in production facilities and infrastructure for the production of the Flip Chip (FC) -Ball Grid Array (BGA) in Vietnam. The total investment will be implemented consecutively until 2023.
FC-type semiconductor substrates are roughly divided into FC-BGA and FC-chip-scale package (CSP). FC-BGA is mainly used for server/PC CPU and FC-CSP is mainly used for smartphone AP. Instead of FC-CSP between FC-BGA and FC-BGA, server access is more expensive than PC usage.
Also, Samsung Electro-Mechanics is expected to announce another new investment plan to supply FC-BGAs to overseas global customers. The customer is currently supplying FC-BGA for PC but is expected to supply FC-BGA for the server in the future.
Due to the spread of COVID-19, the demand for FC-BGA for servers and networks increased and supply shortages occurred. Technological advances are also a factor in the shortage of equipment.
The FC method has a shorter distance between the chip and the board than the traditional wire bonding method of connecting the chip and board with wires, so the electrical signal loss is lower and the input/output (I/O) number is formed.
Samsung ranks fourth on Forbes list of world’s largest tech companies
Despite high sales costing trillions of dollars in market value, the world’s largest technology companies remain strong against the stringencies of Wall Street — many of which collect revenue and profits as their dominance begins to decline.
After looking for a record of 177 locations on the list by 2021, the number of technology companies reaching Global 2000, Forbes’ annual average of the world’s largest companies, dropped to 164 this year (2022), but the overall decline did not prevent total sales. The firms have set a record $4 trillion in gross annual revenue over the past 12 months, up from about $3.3 trillion last year — even a few firms.
According to a recent report, Samsung Electronics‘ ranking on Forbes’ list of the world’s largest technology companies dropped two notes from second in 2021 to fourth in 2022.
World’s Largest Tech Companies ln 2022
Samsung Electronics’ sales increased to US$244.2 billion from US$200.7 billion last year, but its market value declined by US$143.2 billion to US$367.3 billion, according to US Business Magazine.
Apple also took the top spot and its market capitalization reached US$2.6 trillion, up from US$300 billion last year from $2.3 trillion. In this list, Google’s parent company Alphabet is in second place.
The sales of Alphabet sales reached US $257.5 billion, an increase of US $75.1 billion from the previous year (US $182.4 billion). At the same time, its market capitalization also increased from US $ 1.5 trillion to US $1.6 trillion.
Likewise, Microsoft (US $2.1 trillion) took the third spot, while Tencent (US $414.3 billion) remained in the top five. Meta Platforms (the US $499.9 billion) took the sixth spot, followed by Intel (US $190.3 billion), TSMC (the US $494.6 billion), Cisco Systems (US$213.4 billion), and IBM (US$124.3 billion).
TSMC likely to be defeated by Samsung in the first 3nm chip competition
According to a recent report by a Korean media, the world’s largest manufacturer of semiconductor foundry, TSMC will begin developing a semiconductor 1.4-nanometer nm. It is analyzed as a strategy not to lose leadership in the tech competition as well as the performance of rival founders Samsung Electronics and Intel.
As the report suggests, TSMC plans to convert the R&D team of the 3nm process into a 1.4nm development team and use it officially from next month. TSMC is very likely to lose to Samsung Electronics in the first 3nm competition.
Recently, Samsung Electronics announced plans to produce 3-nano semiconductors in the first half of this year and TSMC in the second half. Intel, which arrived late at the foundry, annoys TSMC by launching a 2nm process in early 2024 and a 1.8nm process in the second half of 2024.
As a result, the TSMC is refining its leadership by building a 1nm first phase process. And the Chinese media Qulali Kerji said, “The production of TSMC’s 2-nano is scheduled for testing by 2024, so bulk production will be by 2026.
TSMC has been competing fiercely with Samsung Electronics for 5nm and less, with Intel also competing in this battle, but defeating their rivals in terms of performance.
According to TrendForce, a market research company, TSMC is ranked with 52.1% of the market share established (based on sales) in the fourth quarter of last year, followed by Samsung Electronics with 18.3% and second place.
An industry official said, “TSMC benefits greatly when orders are being delayed by companies setting up during shortages of semiconductors.”
Samsung image sensor sales increased, and Sony chased to become market leader
Samsung is the number one in terms of the semiconductor market and now the company has increased its image sensor market around the globe. Similarly, Sony is aspiring to be the market leader by differentiating products and using new technologies.
According to market research company TSR, Sony’s market share, which is previously listed in image sensor sales, has declined slightly. On the other hand, companies of late like Samsung and Omnivision have been able to increase their market share.
By 2021, the market share of Sony image sensors was estimated to be 43% with sales of $8.7987 billion. This is a decrease of 1.3% compared to last year. Samsung took second place with 19.7%, while Omnivision took third place with 14.1%. They achieved marginal growth of 0.8% and 2% respectively over the previous year, closing the gap by moving ranks.
Samsung’s expanding market share is due to price competition and a sharp increase in sales focused on medium to low-end smartphones. The analysis shows that Samsung has reduced costs by upgrading its image sensor packaging technology.
Counterpoint has analyzed that the price reduction of the 50-megapixel image sensor released last year by Samsung is the driving force behind the growth. Keeping this in mind, not only Samsung Electronics’ mid-range smartphones but also smartphones like Vivo, Oppo, and Xiaomi are equipped with the above image sensor.
Samsung also uses its line to easily generate photosensors. With this in mind, Samsung plans to use the image sensor as an important weapon for systemic semiconductors. As the number of smartphones with premium application processors (APs) has exceeded market expectations, it is expected to recover its revenue by growing the image sensor business.